Hiram Lodge No.14 A.F. & A.M.
The Work or Ritual
The Work
Foreword
Visitors from other jurisdictions are usually surprised by the fact that British Columbia has "four" different Rituals or Work authorized for use in their Lodges.
(This is one explanation of how it happened.)
Four rituals are [used] in this jurisdiction: British Columbian Canadian Work (Can.), as derived from that compiled by Provincial Grand Master, RW Bro. Simon McGillivray in 1823 and [used] in the Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario.

British Columbian "Ancient" Work (Anc.), as derived from that of the "Ancient" or "Athol" Lodges, by way of the Americans, Thomas Webb (sometimes called the New York or American Work) and John Barney.

Australian Work (Aus.), as adopted in 1906 from the ritual created in 1888 by the Grand Lodge of New South Wales from the ritual of Canongate Kilwinning No. 2 of Edinburgh.

Emulation Work (Emu.), as derived from that worked by Emulation Lodge of Improvement at Freemason’s Hall, London.

Although our "Ancient" Work has on occasion been mistakenly referred to as Scotch or Scottish, it is not related to the Scottish Rite. Lodges chartered before 1954 and using the Canadian Work will have their own unique quality.
Ritual Adoption
Emulation
(This is one explanation of how it happened.)
In 1858 a group of Freemasons mainly from England made a request to the Grand Lodge of England to open a lodge in the City of Victoria, in the Colony of Vancouver Island. As the mail went round Cape Horn it took a bit of time and as the Charter had to be returned once because of an error they did not receive their Charter until 1860. They became Victoria Lodge Number 1085 on the English Registry. They practiced the English or Emulation Ritual and today they are Victoria-Columbia Lodge Number 1 of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon ... continued >>

You may feel that your Lodge's ritual work is the "correct one", but we should always remember, In these times of unprecedented change, patience and the search for 'consistency' and 'similarities' is more important than differentiating practices or brothers.

Perhaps the best compromise is to “travel to other Lodges” and appreciate the commonalities and differences. The bridge is never too big to cross, the gap too wide to reach, or a Lodge so far to not visit -- especially in our own backyard ! (vmo'22)
Ancient
In 1860 many American arrived in Victoria searching for Gold. They found the English rituals very strange and wanted to carry out the American Ritual that was familiar to them.
The Grand Lodge of England refused their request. So they asked the Grand Lodge of Scotland who was pleased to grant them a charter and in 1862 they became Lodge Number 421 on the Scottish Registry and used the American ritual that is now known as the British Columbia Ancient Ritual. The one we use, well almost.
Today they are Vancouver-Quadra Lodge Number 2 of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon.
The years pass and in 1871 the Grand Lodge of British Columbia was Consecrated.

By 1887 Vancouver still only had one lodge Mount Herman # 7 that had been consecrated in 1869 at Moodyville on Burrard Inlet before it moved to Vancouver and they used the Ancient American Ritual.
This does not seem to have been followed very closely with regard to Ancient Ritual. The lodges around Vancouver used Ancient Ritual similar to those used by Mount Herman Lodge No.7 - while others, in the absence of any published ritual, used Lester’s book, “Look to the East” as a guide. This ritual differs considerably from the Work of Ashler Lodge No.3 and also of the other lodges on Vancouver Island.

This situation is probably due to the fact that in earlier years the brethren of Ashlar lodge No.3 believed the ritual should be communicated by word-of-mouth only and not put on paper.
With no “printed” ritual to follow, differences inevitably crept in. No two Lodges on Vancouver Island have rituals with procedures or wording that are exactly the same, for this reason.
Canadian
Shortly after [1887] railway workers with CP Rail arrived in Vancouver and many were Masons. They were used to the Canadian work used in Ontario and they applied to form a lodge using that ritual and it was accepted and Cascade Lodge No.12 was formed. This now gave British Columbia, three Rituals.

Australian
In 1906 a number of Australian Freemasons arrived in Vancouver and asked for permission to form a lodge to practice their Australian Ritual. It was approved and they became Southern Cross No.44 ...and the Grand Lodge of British Columbia acquired its forth ritual.
Note: This Australian Ritual had been produced by The Grand Lodge of New South Wales when it was formed in 1881. It was based on the English, Irish and Scottish Rituals (essentially all the same).

Resolution
In 1893 the Grand Lodge of BC & Yukon decided all new lodges formed after 1893 should select one of the other three authorized rituals.
These "three" are the English Ritual as practiced by Victoria-Columbia No.1 in Victoria, the Ancient Ritual as practiced by Ashlar No.3 in Nanaimo or the Canadian Ritual practiced by Cascade Lodge No.12 in Vancouver.

[based on an article provided by Edwin J Lockhart, Senior
Grand Warden of The Grand Lodge of B.C. & Yukon
June 1976]
(source - EBee (GL of BC and Yukon 2020)
The Rituals of British Columbia
by Brother Bill Overy